A Brief Overview Of Obesity
Obesity affects children and adults, men and women. In a nutshell, the notion of obesity refers to being fatter than you should be, according to your age and height. The Body Mass Index (also known as BMI) is the most commonly used instrument to determine whether somebody is overweight. A Body Mass Index that is equal to 25 or greater than that is overweight, while a BMI equal to 30 or greater than that is considered obesity. As studies have revealed, almost three million people die all around the world every year, due
to obesity or illnesses that are related to it.
As mentioned above, there are many causes of obesity: inactivity, overeating, pollution or different drugs are only some of the most common causes. On the other hand, increased urbanization is also linked to obesity. The risks associated with obesity are not a secret to anybody: if you are obese, you are at high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases like stroke or heart disease, diabetes and some types of cancer, mainly breast and colon cancer.
The World Health Organization keeps an eye on the obesity rates all around the world. Some of the countries with the highest obesity rates include the United States, Mexico, the United Kingdom, Greece or Australia. As a matter of fact, a 2005 study (which is commonly referred to as the Australian Obesity, Diabetes and Lifestyle Study) has revealed that no less than 1.7 million Australians suffer from diabetes, and approximately 0.8% of the adults develop diabetes every year in this country, which means around 275 adults every day. At the same time, approximately 19% of the Australians suffer from long term cardiovascular condition, and this makes CVD one of the leading causes of death in this country.